When and where did the Muslim religion start

Question:

I want to know from when or which nation the Muslim religion started. Is it from Ishmael son of Abraham?

Answer; ( from http://evidenceforchristianity.org/where-and-when-did-islam-originate-did-ishmael-son-of-abraham-start-this-religion/)

Islam as a religion was established by Muhammad, a member of the Arabic Quraish tribe from the West-Central part of the Arabian Peninsula in the region of present-day Mecca.  Muhammad is a real person who lived from AD 570-632.  He claimed to receive a revelation from the archangel Gabriel in AD 610 to be a prophet to the Arabic peoples promoting monotheism and a belief in Allah.  His movement started slowly, but when he moved to Medina, it began to gain momentum.  Later, Muhammad returned and conquered Mecca.  By his death, his troops had conquered much of the Arabian Peninsula.  By physical force and persuasion Islam spread across North Africa and the Middle East, reaching India by about the 11th century.

The Old Testament claims that Ishmael, son of Abraham moved into the area we now call “Arabia.”  It claims that the Arab peoples are the direct descendant of Ishmael.  Muslims agree that this is true.  They believe that the promised son of Abraham in Genesis is actually Ishmael, not Isaac.  They claim that Abraham traveled to Mecca with Ishmael and worshipped the one true God at the Kabba, a stone idol in Mecca.  There is not external verification of this claim and no evidence that Abraham made this journey.  What we can say for sure is that Ishmael definitely did not establish the religion Islam because he died over two thousand years before the religion was founded by Muhammad.  Muhammad himself definitely did not claim that Ishmael founded Islam, but he did claim that he was a prophet in the spirit of Abraham, Ishmael and Moses.


Is the Arab nation descended from Ishmael?

I am tempted to give you the short answer and just reply No! But that would not be completely true; the evidence is too complex to give such an answer. On the other hand, it’s amazing how many Christians just assume the answer to be Yes. A popular old reference Bible calls Ishmael “the progenitor of the Arabs” and goes on to say that Muhammad “came from the line of Ishmael.” That is very definitely untrue as well. The truth is that the term “Arab” designates peoples of diverse ethnic origins who are united only by the Arabic language and culture. The seed of Ishmael represents only a very small component of the genetic pool of the Arabic people. Let me explain.

In Arabic and Hebrew the term arab means “nomad” (synonymous with bedouin), and originally referred only to the nomadic people who roamed the Arabian Peninsula. Later, it was used to designate all the inhabitants of the peninsula–both nomads and town-dwellers. According to the Old Testament, the earliest inhabitants of the peninsula descended from Joktan (Gen. 10:26-29), a descendent of Shem (whence the term Semite). Later, the area was also settled by Abraham’s sons through Keturah (Gen. 25:1-4), the 12 sons of Ishmael (Gen. 25:13-16), and finally the sons of Esau (Gen. 36:1-19), all descendents of Abraham (also Semitic). Clearly, Ishmael’s offspring represent just a small fraction of the Arab peoples.  read more

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